4 Factors Contributing to Ecosystem Destruction and Environmental Degradation

Ecosystem and environmental destruction occur when natural resources like water, air, and soil get depleted. When natural resources get used up, it can result in biodiversity loss. Investing in a native plant nursery can mitigate the effects of environmental deterioration. Here are four factors contributing to ecosystem destruction and environmental degradation:

1. Pollution

Air, water, and land pollution harm the environment and ecosystem. Sources of pollution include pesticides, oil spills, carbon emissions, and trash. Pollution can bring contaminants into the ecosystem, harming or destroying plant or animal species.

Sulfur dioxide from coal plant emissions mixes with moisture in the air, resulting in acid rain. This acid rain can contaminate streams and lakes. Trash can travel through rivers and oceans, building up on beaches. This debris can harm wildlife through entanglement and ingestion.

Excessive pesticides can pollute the soil and lead to the degradation of organic matter. Oil spills can destroy the insulating ability of animals and birds, leading to hypothermia. Disposing of untreated industrial sewage with toxic waste into lakes and oceans can kill marine life.

2. Deforestation

Deforestation can occur to pave the way for roads, homes, and industrial sites. Cutting down trees excessively can worsen air pollution because forests are air filters. Deforestation can lead to soil erosion since cutting down trees exposes soil to runoff. Areas with soil erosion are vulnerable to dust storms, water pollution, and flooding. Deforestation affects biodiversity, and animals that live on trees could lose their habitats.

Investing in a native plant nursery can help restore biodiversity and sustain the abundance of animals. Native trees and shrub species, such as forest watersheds, can revive the earth’s ecosystem. You can invest in native species that positively impact agroforestry and conservation. Planting trees can provide shelter and food for wildlife while manufacturing oxygen for humans and animals.

3. Climate Change

Global warming has led to high temperatures, rising sea levels, and ocean acidity that can throw off an ecosystem’s natural balance. Possible consequences of climate change can be species decline and extinction. When the sea level rises, salt water can enter into freshwater systems.

Climate change can lead to food web disruptions. A decline in the extent and duration of sea ice tends to reduce algae eaten by zooplankton. Climate change can deteriorate barrier islands and reefs that serve as buffers from:

  • Wildfires
  • Floods
  • Drought

Cutting down trees and burning fossil fuels can cause temperatures to increase on the earth. Alpine areas and rainforests can be vulnerable to low freshwater availability due to climate change. Protecting, restoring, and managing forests can control the effects of climate change on the environment and ecosystem.

4. Resource Exploitation

Many ecosystems are rich in water, trees, healthy soil, and fossil fuels. Raw material extraction and processing can impact the environment and ecosystems. Excessive oil drilling, logging, and mining can result in biodiversity loss and damage to the environment.

Too much consumption of resources can lead to mineral depletion and desertification. Exploiting natural resources can cause soil degradation and water shortages. Depletion of natural resources results from increased population, leading to high demand for food and shelter.

Careless use and contamination can lead to a decline in natural resources. Resource exploitation can cause species extinction when wildlife doesn’t have food to consume. Mining can destabilize soil and lead to erosion.

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Invest in a Native Plant Nursery

Pollution, deforestation, resource exploitation, and climate change are some factors contributing to environmental degradation and ecosystem destruction. You can invest in a native plant nursery to help mitigate the effects of environmental deterioration. When you plant a tree, you can help restore an ecosystem.

Post Author: bookbb

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